Beaver Moon, Total Lunar Eclipse, Meteor Showers

The Flower Moon lunar eclipse over NASAs Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans is proven from the preliminary partial eclipse to totality in a composite of seven photos shot on Sunday, May 15, 2022. Credit: NASA/Michael DeMocker

The Next Full Moon is the Beaver, Frost, Frosty, or Snow Moon; Kartik Purnima; the Karthika Deepam, Karthikai Vilakkidu, or Thrikarthika Festival Moon; the Loi Krathong Festival Moon; the Bon Om Touk (Boat Racing Festival) or Cambodian Water Festival Moon; the Tazaungdaing Festival Moon; and Ill (or Il) Poya.

The subsequent full Moon will likely be Tuesday morning, November 8, 2022, showing reverse the Sun in Earth-based longitude at 6:02 a.m. EST.

As typical, the carrying of suitably celebratory celestial apparel is inspired in honor of the total Moon.

While this will likely be on Tuesday for a lot of the Earth, it will likely be late on Monday evening for the International Date Line West Time Zone and early Wednesday morning from the New Zealand Time Zone eastward to the International Date Line. The Moon will likely be shut sufficient to reverse the Earth from the Sun that it’ll go by way of the Earths shadow in a complete lunar eclipse. The Moon will seem full for about 3 days across the eclipse, from Sunday night to Wednesday morning.


The Moon strikes proper to left, passing by way of the penumbra and umbra, leaving in its wake an eclipse diagram with the occasions at numerous phases of the eclipse. On November 8, 2022, the Moon enters the Earths shadow, creating a complete lunar eclipse, the primary since May. This animation reveals the altering look of the Moon because it travels into and out of the Earths shadow, together with occasions at numerous phases. The penumbra is the a part of the Earths shadow the place the Sun is simply partially lined by the Earth. The umbra is the place the Sun is totally hidden. The Moons look isnt affected a lot by the penumbra. The actual motion begins when the Moon begins to vanish because it enters the umbra at about 4:09 a.m. EST. An hour later, fully inside the umbra, the Moon is a ghostly copper shade. Totality lasts for an hour and a half earlier than the Moon begins to emerge from the central shadow. Throughout the eclipse, the Moon is shifting by way of the constellation Aries. Credit: NASAs Scientific Visualization Studio

The Maine Farmers Almanac began publishing Indian names for full Moons in the 1930s. Over time these names have become widely known and used. According to this almanac, as the full Moon in November, this is the Beaver Moon, the Frost or Frosty Moon, or the Snow Moon. For the Beaver Moon, one interpretation is that mid-Fall was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps freeze to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Beaver Moon came from how active the beavers are in this season as they prepare for winter. The Frost, Frosty, or Snow Moon names come from the frosts and early snows that begin this time of year, particularly in northeastern North America.

Throughout Southeast Asia, numerous related festivals are celebrated around this full Moon. This is Kartik Purnima (the full Moon of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik) and is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs (each for different reasons). Karthika Deepam, also known as Karthikai Vilakkidu or Thrikarthika, is a festival observed by Hindus of Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, and Kerala when the nearly full Moon lines up with the Pleiades constellation (Krittika or Karttikai). This year it will be on Sunday, November 6, 2022. Some areas celebrate multi-day festivals that include this full Moon.

Full Moon Over Boston Harbor

Bonus Event: Climb to the top of Bunker Hill Monument to enjoy the view over Boston Harbor by the light of the full Moon on November 8. National Park Service Event Page. Credit: NASA

In Thailand and nearby countries, this full Moon is the Loi Krathong festival, which includes decorating baskets and floating them on a river. In Cambodia, this full Moon corresponds with the 3-day Bon Om Touk (Boat Racing Festival) or the Cambodian Water Festival featuring dragon boat races. In Myanmar, this is the Tazaungdaing Festival, a festival that predates the introduction of Buddhism and includes the launching of hot air balloons (sometimes flaming or laden with fireworks). In Sri Lanka this is Ill (or Il) Poya, commemorating the Buddhas ordination of sixty disciples as the first Buddhist missionaries.

In many lunar and lunisolar calendars, the months change with the new Moon and full Moons fall near the middle of the lunar months. This full Moon is near the middle of the tenth month of the Chinese calendar; Marcheshvan in the Hebrew calendar, a name often shortened to Cheshvan or Heshvan; and Rabi al-Thani, also known as Rabi al-Akhir, the fourth month of the Islamic calendar.

As usual, the wearing of suitably celebratory celestial attire is encouraged in honor of the full Moon.

November 2022 Moon Phases

The phases of the Moon for November 2022. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

As for other celestial events between now and the full Moon after next (with times and angles based on the location of NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC):

As autumn continues the daily periods of sunlight continue to shorten. On Tuesday, November 8 (the day of the full Moon), morning twilight will begin at 5:43 a.m. EST, sunrise will be at 6:43 a.m., solar noon will be at 11:51:45 a.m. when the Sun will reach its maximum altitude of 34.44 degrees, sunset will be at 5:00 p.m., and evening twilight will end at 6:00 p.m.

Our 24-hour clock is based on the average length of the solar day. Although the day of the winter solstice on December 21, 2022, is sometimes called the shortest day of the year (because it has the shortest period of sunlight) the solar days near the solstice are actually the longest days of the year, longer than 24 hours. Because of this, the earliest sunset of the year occurs before the solstice and the latest sunrise of the year (ignoring Daylight Savings Time) occurs after the solstice. This year, the earliest sunset of the year will occur on Wednesday, December 7 (the day of the full Moon after next). On this day, morning twilight will begin at 6:10 a.m. EST, sunrise will be at 7:13 a.m., solar noon will be at 11:59:36 p.m. when the Sun will reach its maximum altitude of 28.49 degrees, sunset will be at 4:45:50 p.m., and evening twilight will end at 5:49 p.m.

Several meteor showers are expected to peak during this lunar cycle, but they are not expected to produce many visible meteors and moonlight will interfere (especially for those of us in urban areas with light pollution). Per the International Meteor Organizations 2022 Meteor Shower Calendar, there is a chance that the Northern Taurid Shower might produce infrequent but bright fireballs in early November. In addition, some models predict a chance of higher meteor rates from the Leonid Shower on November 18 or 19, but there is a lot of uncertainty in these predictions. I wouldnt plan a special trip, but if you happen to be out late at night in early to mid-November and the sky is clear, look up!

Evening Sky Highlights

This should be a great time for planet-watching in the evenings. Saturn was at its closest and brightest for the year in August 2022, while Jupiter was at its closest and brightest in September. Both will appear to shift westward each evening, making them higher in the sky, easier to see, and friendlier for backyard stargazing (especially if you have young ones with earlier bedtimes). Mars will join Jupiter and Saturn in the evening sky later in November. With clear skies and a telescope you should be able to see Jupiters four bright moons, Ganymede, Callisto, Europa, and Io, noticeably shifting positions in the course of an evening. For Saturn, you should be able to see Saturns rings as well as Saturns largest moon, Titan. In addition, the planet Uranus, only visible through a telescope, could also be an interesting object to look for. It will be at its closest and brightest on the morning of November 9.

On the evening of Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (the day of the full Moon), as evening twilight ends (at 6 p.m. EST), the rising Moon will be 8 degrees above the east-northeastern horizon. The bright planet Jupiter will appear 33 degrees above the southeastern horizon. The planet Saturn will appear 34 degrees above the southern horizon. The bright star appearing closest to overhead will be Deneb at 82 degrees above the north-northwestern horizon. Deneb is about 2,600 light-years from Earth and is the 19th brightest star in our night sky.

As the lunar cycle progresses, Jupiter, Saturn, and the background of stars will appear to shift westward each evening (as the Earth moves around the Sun). Beginning November 23, the bright planet Mars will begin rising above the east-northeastern horizon before evening twilight ends, joining Jupiter and Saturn in the evening sky. Mars will reach its closest and brightest for the year on the night of the full Moon after next. In late November the planets Mercury and Mars may begin to emerge from the glow of dusk about 30 minutes after sunset, but they will be low on the west-southwestern horizon and difficult to see. The waxing Moon will pass near the planet Saturn on November 28, the bright planet Jupiter on December 1, and the Pleiades star cluster on December 6.

By the evening of Wednesday, December 7 (the day of the full Moon after next), as evening twilight ends (at 5:49 p.m. EST), the rising Moon will be 15 degrees above the east-northeastern horizon. Mars will appear about 4 degrees to the lower left of the full Moon and will be at its closest and brightest for the year. Later in the evening the Moon will shift very close to Mars (for the Washington, DC area) and for areas farther north or west the Moon will actually block Mars from view. Jupiter will appear 46 degrees above the south-southeastern horizon and Saturn will appear 32 degrees above the south-southwestern horizon. Mercury and Venus will still be setting before evening twilight ends but may be visible low on the west-southwestern horizon about 30 minutes after sunset. The bright star appearing closest to overhead will be Deneb at 66 degrees above the west-northwestern horizon.

Morning Sky Highlights

For the Washington, DC area (and similar longitudes) on the morning of Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (the day of the full Moon), as morning twilight begins (at 5:43 a.m. EST), the Moon will appear a dull reddish brown about 11 degrees above the west-northwestern horizon, as it will be in the shadow of the Earth in a total lunar eclipse. The planet Mars will appear 48 degrees above the western horizon. The bright star appearing closest to overhead will be Pollux at 74 degrees above the southwestern horizon. Pollux is the brighter of the twins in the constellation Gemini and is about 34 light-years from us.

For the total lunar eclipse, the Moon will start entering the partial shadow of the Earth at 3:02 a.m. EST, but its slight darkening will be hard to detect. At 4:09 a.m. the full shadow will begin falling on the Moon. You can watch the curved shadow from the round Earth move across the Moon until the Moon is fully shadowed at 5:17 a.m. For the Washington, DC area, morning twilight will begin at 5:43 a.m. The deepest point of the eclipse will be at 5:59 a.m. The Moon will begin emerging from the full shadow of the Earth at 6:42 a.m. For the DC area sunrise will be at 6:43 a.m. and moonset at 6:50 a.m. If you can find a place to stand with the light of the rising Sun on your back and a view of the Moon before you, you will be casting your shadow on the Moon! From more western time zones you should be able to see more of the Moon emerge from shadow before moonset.


This animated map reveals the place the November 8, 2022, lunar eclipse is seen. Contours mark the sting of the visibility area at eclipse contact occasions. The map is centered on 16857W, the sublunar longitude at mid-eclipse. Contour traces mark the sting of the visibility area on the contact occasions. These are the occasions when the Moon enters or leaves the umbra (the a part of the Earths shadow the place the Sun is totally hidden) and penumbra (the half the place the Sun is simply partially blocked). For observers situated on a contour line, the contact happens at moonrise (west) or moonset (east). Credit: NASAs Scientific Visualization Studio

As the lunar cycle progresses, the background of stars together with Mars will seem to shift westward every morning. The waning Moon will go close to the intense star Aldebaran on November 10, the intense planet Mars on November 11, the intense stars Pollux on November 13, Regulus on November 17, and Spica on November 21.

By the morning of Wednesday, December 7 (the day of the total Moon after subsequent), as morning twilight begins (at 6:10 a.m. EST), the total Moon will seem 5 levels above the west-northwestern horizon with the planet Mars close by at 14 levels above the horizon. The brilliant star showing closest to overhead will likely be Regulus at 60 levels above the south-southwestern horizon. Regulus seems to us as one star (the twenty first brightest star in our sky), however is definitely two pairs of stars orbiting one another for a complete of 4 stars. Regulus is 79 light-years from us.

Detailed Daily Guide

Here to your reference is a day-by-day itemizing of celestial occasions between now and the total Moon after subsequent. The occasions and angles are based mostly on the placement of NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC, so a few of these particulars might differ to your location. I take advantage of parentheses to point particular occasions that could be totally different for you.

From Friday night into Saturday morning, November 4 to five, 2022, the intense planet Jupiter will seem close to the waxing gibbous Moon. Evening twilight on Friday will finish (at 7:04 p.m. EDT) with Jupiter 3 levels above the Moon. The Moon will attain its highest within the sky for the evening a little bit over 3 hours later (at 10:23 p.m.) with Jupiter 4 levels to the higher proper of the Moon. Jupiter will set first on the western horizon lower than 6 hours afterward Saturday morning (at 4:08 a.m.), 6 levels to the decrease proper of the Moon.

Dont neglect, Daylight Savings Time ends and Standard Time begins in a single day from Saturday into Sunday, November 5 to six, 2022. Early Sunday morning we fall again from 1:59 a.m. EDT to 1 a.m. EST, gaining an hour of sleep. You might want to reset any clocks that dont reset themselves!

As talked about above, the subsequent full Moon will likely be on Tuesday morning, November 8, 2022, at 6:02 a.m. EST (word the change from EDT to EST). The Moon will likely be shut sufficient to reverse the Earth from the Sun that it’ll go by way of the Earths shadow, a complete lunar eclipse. The Moon will seem full for about 3 days across the eclipse, from Sunday night to Wednesday morning. For extra data on this complete eclipse of the Moon, see the morning highlights abstract earlier on this posting.

On Tuesday, November 8, 2022, the planet Mercury will likely be passing on the far facet of the Sun as seen from the Earth, referred to as superior conjunction. Because Mercury orbits inside the orbit of Earth, it will likely be shifting from the morning sky to the night sky and can start rising from the glow of the nightfall on the western horizon in late November (relying upon viewing situations).

Tuesday evening into Wednesday morning, November 8 to 9, 2022, the Pleiades star cluster will seem close to the total Moon. As night twilight ends on Tuesday (at 6 p.m. EST) the Moon will likely be 8 levels above the east-northeastern horizon with the Pleiades 9 levels to the left. The Moon will attain its highest within the sky for the evening early Wednesday morning (at 12:27 a.m.) with the Pleiades 6 levels to the higher left. The Pleiades will likely be to the higher proper of the Moon as morning twilight begins (at 5:44 a.m.).

Although you’ll need a telescope to see it, the planet Uranus will seem at its closest and brightest for the yr on Wednesday morning, November 9, 2022.

Wednesday evening, November 9, 2022, the waning gibbous Moon may have shifted previous the Pleiades star cluster. As night twilight on Wednesday ends (at 5:59 p.m. EST) the Moon will likely be 2 levels above the east-northeastern horizon with the Pleiades about 6 levels above the Moon. The pair will separate because the night progresses.

On Thursday morning, November 10, 2022, the intense star Aldebaran will seem 8 levels to the decrease left of the waning gibbous Moon as morning twilight begins (at 5:45 a.m. EST).

On Thursday evening into Friday morning, November 10 to 11, 2022, the intense planet Mars will seem close to the waning gibbous Moon. Mars will rise above the east-northeastern horizon (at 6:55 p.m. EST) showing to the decrease left of the Moon. By the time the Moon reaches its highest within the sky for the evening on Friday morning (at 2:08 a.m.) Mars will seem about 5 levels to the decrease left of the Moon. Mars will seem about 3 levels to the higher left of the Moon as morning twilight begins (at 5:46 a.m.).

By Friday evening, November 11, 2022, the waning gibbous Moon may have shifted previous the intense planet Mars. When the Moon rises above the northeastern horizon (at 7:05 p.m. EST) Mars will seem about 7 levels to the higher proper of the Moon. The pair will separate because the night progresses.

On Sunday night into Monday morning, November 13 to 14, 2022, the intense star Pollux will seem above the waning gibbous Moon. Pollux will likely be about 4 levels above the Moon at moonrise on the northeastern horizon (at 8:53 p.m. EST). The Moon will attain its highest within the sky for the evening Monday morning (at 4:41 a.m.) with Pollux about 6 levels to the higher proper. Morning twilight will start about an hour later (at 5:49 a.m.).

Early Monday morning, November 14, 2022, at 1:41 a.m. EST, the Moon will likely be at apogee, its farthest from the Earth for this orbit.

Wednesday morning, November 16, 2022, the waning Moon will seem half-full because it reaches its final quarter at 8:27 a.m. EST.

Thursday morning, November 17, 2022, the intense star Regulus will seem to the higher proper of the waning crescent Moon. The Moon will rise above the east-northeastern horizon round midnight (Wednesday evening at 11:55 p.m. EST) with Regulus about 6 levels from the Moon. Morning twilight will start about 6 hours later (Thursday morning at 5:52 a.m.) with Regulus about 7 levels from the Moon.

The Leonid Meteor bathe, attributable to particles from the comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, is anticipated to peak on Thursday, November 17, 2022. Under ideally suited situations, this meteor bathe is anticipated to provide 10 to fifteen meteors per hour, however this yr moonlight will make these meteors troublesome to see. However, some mannequin calculations point out that the Earth may go by way of a stream of particles that this comet gave off in 1733. If this occurs, this may produce a bigger meteor bathe on Saturday, November 19. The odds are low, but when youre out and the sky is obvious, search for!

Monday morning, November 21, 2022, the intense star Spica will seem about 5 levels to the higher proper of the skinny, waning crescent Moon. The Moon will rise above the jap horizon (at 4:11 a.m. EST) about 1 hour 45 minutes earlier than morning twilight begins (at 5:56 a.m.).

Wednesday night, November 23, 2022, would be the first night that Mars will seem above the east-northeastern horizon as night twilight ends (at 5:51 p.m. EST). Also on Wednesday night at 5:57 p.m. EST would be the new Moon, when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun and won’t be seen from the Earth.

The day of or the day after the New Moon marks the beginning of the brand new month in some lunisolar calendars. The eleventh month of the Chinese calendar begins on Thursday, November 24, 2022 (at midnight in Chinas time zone, which is 13 hours forward of EST). Sundown on Thursday, November 24, marks the beginning of Kislev within the Hebrew calendar. Hanukkah will start in direction of the top of Kislev.

In the Islamic calendar, the months historically begin with the primary sighting of the waxing crescent Moon. Many Muslim communities now comply with the Umm al-Qura Calendar of Saudi Arabia, which makes use of astronomical calculations to begin months in a extra predictable manner. Using this calendar, sunset on Thursday night, November 24, 2022, will most likely mark the start of Jumada al-awwal (often known as Jumada al-Ula).

If you utilize binoculars or a telescope and have a really clear view of the west-southwestern horizon, you may be capable of see the very skinny waxing crescent Moon and the planets Venus and Mercury low on the horizon. Mercury will set about 24 minutes after sundown (at 5:13 p.m. EST), Venus will set 3 minutes later (at 5:16 p.m.) and the Moon will set 2 minutes after that (at 5:18 p.m.).

Friday night, November 25, 2022, at 8:32 p.m. EST, the Moon will likely be at perigee, its closest to the Earth for this orbit.

Monday night, November 28, 2022, would be the first night that the planets Venus and Mercury will seem barely above the horizon half-hour after sundown, a really tough estimate of once they may begin being seen within the glow of nightfall with out assistance from a telescope or binoculars.

Also on Monday night, November 28, 2022, the planet Saturn will seem above the waxing crescent Moon. The Moon will seem 27 levels above the south-southwestern horizon as night twilight ends (at 5:49 p.m. EST) with Saturn about 8 levels above the Moon. The Moon will set first beneath the west-southwestern horizon about 4 hours later (at 9:51 p.m.) with Saturn about 6 levels to the higher proper of the Moon.

On Wednesday morning, November 30, 2022, the Moon will seem half-full because it reaches its first quarter at 9:37 a.m. EST.

From Thursday night into early Friday morning, December 1 to 2, 2022, the intense planet Jupiter will seem above the waxing gibbous Moon. The Moon will seem 41 levels above the south-southeastern horizon as night twilight ends (at 5:49 p.m. EST) with Jupiter about 5 levels to the higher left. The Moon will attain its highest within the sky for the evening about 90 minutes later (at 7:22 p.m.)with Jupiter above the Moon. By the time Jupiter units first beneath the western horizon about 6 hours later (early Friday morning at 1:19 a.m.) Jupiter will seem about 3 levels to the suitable of the Moon.

From Tuesday evening into Wednesday morning, December 6 to 7, 2022, the Pleiades star cluster will seem close to the waxing gibbous Moon. The Pleiades will seem about 4 levels above the Moon as night twilight ends (at 5:49 p.m. EST). By the time the Moon reaches its highest within the sky for the evening about 5 hours half-hour later (at 11:10 p.m.) the Pleiades will seem about 4 levels to the suitable of the Moon. By the time morning twilight begins Wednesday morning (at 6:10 a.m.) the Pleiades will likely be near setting beneath the west-northwestern horizon and the intense Star Aldebaran will seem about 8 levels to the left of the Moon.

Four celestial occasions will likely be occurring on Wednesday evening into Thursday morning, December 7 to eight, 2022. These are: the earliest sundown of the yr, the total Moon, the opposition of Mars, and (relying upon your location) both an unusually shut pairing of the Moon and Mars or an precise occultation of Mars by the Moon. Sunset on Wednesday, December 7, would be the earliest sundown of the yr (at 4:45:50 p.m. EST). Evening twilight will finish at 5:49 p.m. The full Moon after subsequent will likely be Wednesday evening at 11:08 p.m. EST. Wednesday evening into Thursday morning would be the evening when the planet Mars will seem at its brightest and closest to Earth for the yr, as it will likely be reverse the Sun as seen from the Earth simply after midnight on Thursday morning, successfully a full Mars.

For the Washington, DC space, as night twilight ends (at 5:49 p.m.) the intense planet Mars will seem about 3 levels to the decrease left of the Moon. Over the course of Wednesday night the Moon will shift nearer to Mars till they seem to virtually contact at about 10:45 p.m., after which the pair will separate. For a lot of the USA and Canada north and west of the Washington, DC space, the Moon will truly block Mars from view in what known as an occultation. See https://in-the-sky.org/information.php?id=20221208_16_100 for a map of the areas throughout North America, components of Europe, and even a sliver of northwestern Africa the place the Moon will occult Mars. By the time morning twilight begins on Thursday morning (at 6:11 a.m.), Mars will seem about 6 levels to the decrease proper of the total Moon. The Moon will seem full for about 3 days across the full Moon, from Tuesday evening into Friday morning.

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